close to Aurangabad (40)kms visited by the Greek traders
from 400 to 200BC . Today is the ancient industry of gold
and silver threaded embroidery for which the motifs are
derived from the Ajanta Caves. Paithani Sarees Known the
world over as a poem hand woven in silk and gold, Paithani
Sarees are for those with discerning and refined taste. The
art of weaving Paithani flourished in 200B.C., during
Satvahana era. since then Paithani is coveted in India as a
precious heirloom passing on from generation to generation.
Exquisite silk from Paithani was exported to many countries
and was traded in return for gold and precious stones. Shear
dedication and the faith of the weavers has kept alive
Paithani silk work for more than 2000 years. Real Paithani
is hand woven pure silk and gold/silver. Intricate designs
on pallu and border is a specialty of Paithani Sarees.
Motifs on pallu are generally peacock, lotus, mango and
other designs taken form Ajanta Caves. Traditional creative
artistry and pain staking workmanship combine to form this
unique cloth. Paithani Sarees can take between 2 months to
years to manufacture, depending on border and pallu design
and costs from Rs.6,000/- to Rs.5,00,000.
Described in early literature of Maharashtra. A cloth is
being woven since thousands of years from a very ancient and
popular city known as Supratishthapuram, a silken cloth
brocaded with golden threads, is what we call today the
Paithani. The city is today known as paithan, giving fabric
its modern name. The fabric woven in traditional ways even
after many centuries, is renowned as "the great fabric" not
only for Maharashtra but also from India. Even in today's
advanced world the methods of weaving Paithani have not
changed at all , the reason why its not lessened by a
whisker. Woven with extremely dedicate silk threaded sticks,
the Paithani is one fabric, which cannot be matched by any
other cloth today that is why it is enchanting legacy from
Maharashtra and fabric of beautifully women.
Some of the
ancient designs of embroidery on the borders the inner
design made up of small orbs is similarly important from
five hundred to nine hundred such orbs can be found in one
design. The Paithani is also considered holy in Indian
tradition because of use silk, which has a special
importance in Indian marriages.
"Call it a garment or call it a legacy of art,
Paithani is the glory of Maharashtra"
Himroo, also known as kum khuab is a distinctive, luxurious
fabric, once used as dress material by the nobles of the olden days. The
district of Aurangabad is popular because of these fine fabrics. These fabrics
are made of cotton and silk using a special loom. The original form is made of
silver and gold, and the threads of silver and gold were so fine that the final
cloth is appeared like gold cloth.
In coarse of time, the original hand weaving fabric has changed to machine made.
But a workshop in Aurangabad's Zaffar gate is continuing the conventional style
of hand weaving. The workshop also maintains a show room to showcase these
products. Here, one can see and shop Himru shawls and sarees. Bold patterns and
colours are the specialities of Mashru fabrics. It is said that Marco Polo has
been gifted a fabric woven in silk and gold threads.